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I love urban fantasy. I have for years. I started out with Mercedes Lackey's Diana Tregarde series, then discovered Laurell K. Hamilton's Anita Blake books, and longed for more. For a long while, it just didn't exist. Annnnnd then it boomed.

Unfortunately, there's a pattern in urban fantasy that I have a huge problem with and has been turning me off the genre more and more. And that's the treatment of women in urban fantasy. You would think this wouldn't be an issue. After all, most urban fantasy these days features a tough, competent, kickass heroine. What could go wrong? Well, a lot of things.

Most prevalent is the overwhelming tendency to completely defang women. Hear me out. Most modern urban fantasy has a heavy romantic subplot and borrows heavily from romance tropes. Being a writer myself, I follow a lot of writing circles, and I can't tell you how many times I have heard someone say, "I have this awesome heroine, but she's so capable, she does everything! And I need to make the hero sexy! And nobody will find the hero sexy if the heroine can do better than him!"

Ignoring the obvious solution of having the hero and heroine have completely different and complementary strengths, far too many writers go for the TSTL solution. If I had a penny for every time I saw a heroine do something completely out of character... *sigh*

Like, oh, storming off for no good reason and doing something utterly stupid that nobody competent in their field would do. Usually because, well, the hero suggested it, and thus he must be wrong. And if there was a good reason for the heroine to disagree, great! But that's often not it at all. It's a matter of cutting off her nose to spite her face. It's a plot device to put the heroine in a position where the hero has to come to the rescue and save her from her own stupidity -- and frankly, this is just insulting. And it's common. Ridiculously common. And it's lazy writing.

It's one thing if, hey, the heroine runs into odds that she can't beat, or an enemy that's stronger than her, or gets outwitted by someone equally as capable. But that's not what's happening. These are situations the author is forcing the heroine into by making her act out of character for the purpose of giving the hero a moment to shine. Why not put the characters in situations where both their skills are needed? But, that wouldn't allow the heroine to be the damsel in distress, now would it?

One of the other major issues in urban fantasy in regards to women is how the heroines relate to other women. In a genre that is so focused on strong female characters, it is pretty shocking how few heroines actually have relationships with other women. Often, other women are not friends and allies, but the enemy. Often, the heroine looks down on other women. And you see the same trope over and over again -- the leather-clad dark and tortured gun-toting heroine whose strength is all physical or perhaps supernatural.

This is really just the whole "girl in the boy's club" thing rearing its head. Femininity is derided while masculinity is put on a pedestal. Rarely do we see women who enjoy feminine things, and when we do, it's usually a slight touch rather than an integral part of the character. Even Anita Blake, with her stuffed penguin collection, dismisses and derides other women. It's been a long time since I read the books, admittedly, and I haven't read the recent ones, but of the early series, all the characters that I recall her being close to were male.

(Mind, the problem is not that masculine-leaning heroines exist. The problem is that they are the sole archetype that we see commonly in urban fantasy heroines.[1])

Very few urban fantasies actually pass the Bechdel test (two women, who talk to each other, about something other than a man). For a genre that is supposedly woman-focused, that's just sad. Where are all the relationships between women? Most of us have friends who are women, mothers, sisters, aunts, etc. Where are they?

So what's the solution here? It comes down to writers being aware of the social implications their fiction will have. Because words have meanings, and stories have power. If they didn't have power, Piers Anthony's Mode books wouldn't have helped me when I was a suicidal teen, and Mercedes Lackey's books wouldn't have helped me come to terms with my bisexuality.

When even supposedly strong heroines are undermined at every turn and cannot succeed without the aid of a man, the underlying message is that of Well, if $awesomecharacter can't do it, why should I believe I can? Women are already at a disadvantage in society, with all the negative messages lobbed at us. We should be able to read fiction that empowers us, not reinforces that we are nothing without a man.

I am not saying that heroines should be all-powerful, because that would be boring. But if you're writing about a top-notch FBI agent, you don't have her forget basic gun safety. You don't have her barging into trouble without thinking about it. You don't have her so distracted by the hero's good looks that she misses the villain's move and gets trapped (and yes, I have read this). It sends a very negative message.

So how do you get around it when you need the heroine to screw up somewhere? Well, make it a believable screw-up, not something that a rookie would do (unless your character is a rookie, but most of the heroines I've seen in urban fantasy are purported to be some of the best at what they do). Or, hey, maybe she doesn't have all the information, makes a decision on what she knows, and then finds out that she was missing a vital piece of the puzzle.

But you know what I'd love to see more of? I'd love to see more heroines who get themselves out of that pickle, rather than heroines who have to be rescued by the hero. But, how do I manage an alpha hero and heroine and their power struggle without having one or the other knuckle under? Not everything has to be a power struggle, although they can be fun to write. The best alpha heroes I've read have been adept in their own field but respected the heroine in hers and listened to her opinions. But what if they're both experts in the same field? Well, hey, they're probably going to argue -- but the automatic reaction shouldn't be for the heroine to be the one who's wrong. Mix it up a little. Or hey! Maybe they're both wrong.

There's a lot of focus on alpha heroes in urban fantasy and a need to make them sexy. You know what? The sexiest heroes I've read aren't the ones who are always rescuing the artificially created dumbass heroine -- they're the ones who respect the heroine, her abilities, her strengths, and love her for who she is. The ones who aren't threatened by a strong woman. The ones who know when it's appropriate to take a backseat. The ones who know when it's time to stand their ground, and when it's time to say, "Hey, you know more about this than I do", or "I don't agree, but let's compromise." It's not an all or nothing situation.

I'd love to see more women who have relationships with other women, too. I'd also like to see a greater breadth of heroines -- heroines of color, heroines with disabilities, queer heroines, etc! Or hey, maybe not the heroine but a lady friend who is one of the above, or someone deeply involved in the story. I'd love to see more focus on this, because the lone uber!heroine surrounded by a sausage-fest is getting old.

This is something that writers have the power to change. Let's change it.

[1] I know there are exceptions to this. Please do not focus on them. This is a widespread issue, and the fact that there are exceptions does not negate that the overwhelming majority of urban fantasy heroines fits only one archetype.

This entry was originally posted at http://nonny.dreamwidth.org/474028.html. Please comment there using OpenID.


Mar. 29th, 2012 11:07 pm (UTC)
She will be! The series spans her whole life. At the end of the first book she'll be 15 but it will only be a couple chapters. For most of it she's 11. I just know parts of her later life really well because I started "working" on the story 8 years ago :P

I've read some of those too though most of the writers have been working in YA which is both understandable (since "what about the children?!") and depressing (since the YA crowd needs these stories). I wonder if we learned the names of the editors involved with the decisions to keep homosexuality out of books (all of the posts I've read haven't named the editors) we'd find them to be the same few people over and over ... I know who John's editor is and she's clearly open to queer characters but that's only one person. And I wonder if certain publishers are more open to it than others. I know Tor and Eos have been, I think Daw has been but don't quote me on that.

Edited at 2012-03-29 11:08 pm (UTC)
Mar. 30th, 2012 12:17 am (UTC)
Some of the authors speaking up with the Gay YA thing were also referring to adult work, too. :-\

I do think some publishers are more open than others. Del Rey is fairly traditional, and so is Baen to an extent. DAW is pretty open from what I've heard, or at least it used to be.
Mar. 30th, 2012 12:52 am (UTC)
It's good that Tor and Daw are not only the two I want to publish with but the ones I have connections to then! :P

I'm so torn on publishing on my own or through an indie publisher. It's not that I think there's anything wrong with it, it's just that I'm afraid if I do it I'll jump into it before I'm ready and I don't want to do that to myself of the work. So that, more than anything else, is why I'm clinging to the desire to (at least start with) traditional publishing. (I actually think I did do a lot of stuff with my short stories prematurely which is why I've taken a hiatus from publishing)
Mar. 30th, 2012 05:40 am (UTC)
Well, if you do want to look into self-pubbing, toss me an e-mail or something, because one of the forums I admin has a LOT of info about how to do self-pubbing right.

For me, self-pub or e-pub is a better option because I can't really handle the pace of NY publishing with my health the way it is. I prefer working with an e-pub, because, hey, less spoons I have to spend dealing with the fiddly stuff, but a lot of people like the DIY aspect. NY definitely has its pluses, but, it's nice that there are other options now. :)
Mar. 30th, 2012 06:10 am (UTC)
Yes, I could see that being a huge draw. I am so scared of it for my own writing because I could see myself getting depressed and letting it fizzle out *looks at life* *nods* Between the assurance I would get that YES! The Story is ready! and the pressure from someone to complete stuff I think it would be good for me. I can certainly see how that might not work well for others though. It isn't always the best thing for me in other parts of my life...

I would like some help learning stuff with the charity anthology. Do they talk about anything like formatting and what to do with it... after that? :P ... Which reminds me that I keep forgetting to change those guidelines.
Mar. 30th, 2012 06:58 am (UTC)
They do indeed. I'll shoot you a PM. :)